(a) to which a natural person acting mainly for personal, family or household purposes (consumer) is a party; (b) as regards employment contracts, including collective agreements. (a) any reference to the law or procedure of a State shall be interpreted in such a way that it refers, where appropriate, to the law or procedure in force in the territorial unit concerned. (b) any reference to residence in a State shall, where appropriate, be interpreted as relating to residence in the territorial unit concerned; (c) any reference to the court or tribunals of a State shall be interpreted in such a way that it is, where appropriate, referred to the court or courts of the territorial unit concerned. (d) any reference to a link with a State must be interpreted in such a way that it relates, where appropriate, to a link with the territorial unit concerned. 1. This Convention shall apply to exclusive agreements of jurisdiction concluded in respect of the State of the elected court after its entry into force. 2. This Convention shall not apply to proceedings brought against the State of the court seised before its entry into force. 2. If the provisions of the judgment do not enable the court to verify that the conditions of this Chapter are fulfilled, it may require the necessary documents. 3. An application for recognition or enforcement may be accompanied by a document issued by a court (including a judicial officer) of the State of origin, as recommended and made public by the Hague Conference on Private International Law.
4. If the documents referred to in this Article are not isolated in one of the official languages of the requested State, they shall be accompanied by a certified translation into an official language, unless otherwise provided for by the law of the requested State. The Convention applies only to international affairs. This situation is defined as “unless the parties are domiciled in the same Contracting State and the relations between the parties and all other factors relevant to the dispute, irrespecting the place of the proceedings chosen, are linked only to that State” (Article 1(2)). A State may declare that its courts may refuse recognition or enforcement of a judgment of a court of another Contracting State where the parties were established in the requested State and the relationship between the parties and all other elements relevant to the dispute, with the exception of the location of the elected court, were related only to the requested State. The elected court has jurisdiction, unless the jurisdiction agreement is essentially invalid under the law of the State party (e.g. B by fraud, error, misrepresentation, coercion, ineficiency, etc.); Manifestly unjust or contrary to the public order of the elected court; may not be implemented for exceptional reasons which are not controlled by the parties. The Hague Convention on Courts, formally the Convention of 30 June 2005 on Forum Agreements, is an international treaty concluded within the framework of the Hague Conference on Private International Law… . .